Stanford Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project


[---] Uncertain number of missing or damaged letters that are not identifiable. This includes not only letters damaged beyond recognition on the fragment itself but also any letters that might have preceded or followed the inscription on adjacent fragments and which therefore are part of the entire inscription.
[...] Missing or damaged letters that are not identifiable. Each dot represents a letter. Unlike [---], this convention refers only to what is inscribed on one specific fragment.

[A] The letter is restored by conjecture solely.
A* The asterisk implies that the preceding letter is damaged and that its identification is uncertain. This usage is equivalent to placing a dot under the letter.
A Letter in italics is damaged but identifiable.

Works consulted for conventions

  • A. E. Gordon. Illustrated Introduction to Latin Epigraphy (Berkeley 1983)
  • L. Keppie. Understanding Roman Inscriptions (London 1991)
  • A. E. Gordon. Album of Dated Latin Inscriptions: Rome and the Neighborhood, Augustus to Nerva. Text. Vol. 1. (Berkeley 1958)

    Links to epigraphic websites

  • Bibliotheca Classica Selecta
  • Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents
  • Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg
  • Fonti epigrafiche
  • Gnomon Online
  • Introduction to Greek and Latin epigraphy: An absolute beginners' guide
  • Prof. Dr. Manfred Clauss' Seminar für Alte Geschichte, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität

    Meg Butler and Tina Najbjerg, 10/1/2003